Artificial Intelligence

Real world AI

One of the reasons why modern AI methods actually work in the real world – as opposed to most of the earlier good old-fashioned methods in the 1960-1980s – is the ability to deal with uncertainty. We use the following mathematical rules to implement Real-World Artificial Intelligence 1. Odds and probability. 2. The Bayes rule. […]

and Professional Issues in Information Security Lists

Electronic Transaction Act 2063

Legal provisions for authentication and regularization of the recognition, validity, integrity, and reliability of generation, production, processing, storage, communication, and transmission system of electronic records by making the transactions to be carried out by means of electronic data exchange or by any other means of electronic communications, reliable and secured. Objectives of the Electronic Transaction Act 2063 […]

Dark Web Lists

Dark Web and Deep Web

The creation of the world wide web and other search engines such as Google has made it easy to access information anytime. Most of this information is easily accessible on the surface web which is easily accessible through normal search engines. On the other hand, there are some websites that are not easy to access […]

E-Government Lists

E-Government in Nepal

E-government is an idea raised by former U.S. vice president (Al Gore), within his vision of linking the citizen to the various agencies of government for getting all kinds of government services in an automated and automatic way,  in addition to the completion of the government working itself depending on information and communication networks to […]


How to use Laravel Encryption

Laravel Programming encrypter uses  Open Secure Sockets Layer (SSL). It uses the AES-256 and AES-128 encryption Architecture for communication throw the client request and server response. encrypted values are signed using a message authentication code (MAC). Configuration You Must set a key option in your config/app.php configuration file You should use the php artisan key: […]

Laravel Lists

What’s New Coming to laravel V7.18

Laravel is a free open-source PHP programming framework developed by Taylor Otwell. It Packages Based on Symfony. Laravel Uses the MVC (Model, View, Controller ) Pattern on architectural design. The Latest Laravel released Version 7.18 With the improvement of an HTTP client middleware method and view component attribute updates, along with the latest new features, […]

Data Center Lists

Data Center and Disaster Recovery Design guidelines

A data center, as defined in TIA/EIA-942, Telecommunications Infrastructure Standard for Data Centers is a building or portion of a building whose primary function is to house a computer room and its support areas. The main functions of a data center are to centralize and consolidate information technology (IT) resources, house network operations, facilitate business, and […]


Vector Addition and Subtraction

This is the solution for 2010 fall 4(b), 2007 Spring 4(b), 2010 Spring 3(b OR) PU BCA #include<iostream> using namespace std; class vector { float x;//real part float y;//imaginary part public: vector(){}//constuuctor 1 vector(float i,float j) { x=i; y=j; } vector operator+(vector); vector operator-(vector); void display(void); void display2(void); }; vector vector::operator+(vector c) { vector temp; […]